Question 1: What are the two options for identifying students with learning disabilities? Briefly summarize each one.
RTI model – follows a more methodical process for determining disabilities. RTI’s are composed of blanket screening to determine if the student is at risk. Based on the results, the student will be entered into a tiered level of remediated instruction. If they do not progress they will be moved up in tier until ending with tier three.
IQ Discrepancy model – This method compares the IQ scores VS to Reading scores on standardized tests. If there are no major changes or difference in scores than the student will continue with their development, however, if there is a gap, students will be recommended to special service to remedy the gap.
Question 2: List at least four benefits of using an RTI approach with struggling students.
1. Identify students that are struggling at an early age
2. Helps with identifying students with disabilities
3. It is a 3 tiered approach that helps students regardless of disabilities
4. Can be implemented school wide
Question 3: Compton is a first-grade student at Rosa Parks Elementary School. His teacher, having administered a universal screening measure, has identified Compton as a struggling reader. Name and explain the first step in the RTI approach that she should consider when trying to help Compton. Keep in mind that Rosa Parks uses the standard protocol approach.
Compton should be recommended into the Tier 1. Tier 1 is applicable because it will provide additional resources and training. Additionally, its methodical process will make sure that the program scientifically validates reading practices. Additionally, monitoring will help to determine if the additional resources are improving the student’s abilities. Tier 1 is implemented in the classroom by the classroom teacher. She will determine the resources needed to improve the student reading ability and access at a later point if the student should be moved up a tier or moved back into the general education classroom.
Question 4: Assume that your recommendation for Question 3 was implemented; unfortunately, Compton’s progress continues to be insufficient. Name and explain the next step in the RTI approach.
Compton would be moved to Tier 2 where he will be provided a service aid that will target the area that needs to be developed. Based on feedback from the teacher and additional tests, the aid will create a plan to help improve his reading ability. Typically, students in tier 2 will be pulled from class or 30 minutes to an hour once or twice a week to work on developing his reading skills. The aid will be responsible for developing the program and the other resources needed to improve Compton’s reading abilities.
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